Class 1: Cyberwar, Cyberterrorism, and other Cyberthreats

David Burg, What the Paris Attacks Mean for the Future of Cybersecurity, Fortune November 17, 2015

Kenneth Geers, Cyberspace and the Changing Nature of Warfare, SC Magazine, August 27, 2008.

Kenneth Geers, Pandemonium:  Nation States, National Security, and the Internet, Tallinn Papers No. 1 (2014).

Scott Stewart, The Coming Age of Cyberterrorism, Stratfor Security Weekly, October 22, 2015

James Wirtz, Cyber War and Strategic Culture:  The Russian Integration of Cyber Power Into Grand Strategy, in Cyber War in Perspective: Russian Aggression against Ukraine, NATO CCD COE Publications, Tallinn 2015

Cyberwar, The Economist, July 1, 2010

James Goodale, Could the WTC Attacks Have Happened Without the Internet?

Kelly Jackson Higgins, ISIS Cyber Threat to US Under Debate, Information Week Dark Reading, September 21, 2013.

Dan Lohrmann, Cyber Terrorism:  How Dangerous is the ISIS Cyber Caliphate Threat?, Government Technology, May 18, 2015.

Dan Auerbach, The Sony Hackers are Terrorists, Slate Dec. 17, 2014.

White House, International Strategy for Cyberspace (May 2011).

Securing Cyberspace for the 44th Presidency,p. 1-16 (December 2008).

Russell Berman, “How Seriously Will Congress Investigate Trump’s Wiretap Claims?,” The Atlantic, March 7, 2017.

Michael D. Shear and David A. Sanger, “Putin Led a Complex Cyberattack Scheme to Aid Trump, Report Finds,” The New York Times, January 6, 2017.